Capital de reino unido

Alternate titles: Britain, good Britain, U.K., united Kingdom of an excellent Britain and Northern Ireland
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Head that Government:Prime Minister: Boris Johnson...(Show more)Capital:London...

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(Show more)Population:(2021 est.) 67,406,000...(Show more)Currency Exchange Rate:1 dólar estadounidense equals 0.730 hermano pound...(Show more)Head that State:Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II...(Show more)

United Kingdom, island país located off ns northwestern coast of mainland Europe. The United Kingdom comprises ns whole that the isla of an excellent Britain—which has England, Wales, and Scotland—as well together the norte portion of the isla of Ireland. Los name brother is periodically used come refer to ns United Kingdom as a whole. The capital is London, i m sorry is among the world’s leading commercial, financial, and cultural centres. Other major cities encompass Birmingham, Liverpool, and Manchester in England, Belfast and Londonderry in norte Ireland, Edinburgh y Glasgow in Scotland, and Swansea y Cardiff in Wales.

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The beginnings of the United Kingdom deserve to be traced to ns time of los Anglo-Saxon rey Athelstan, that in los early 10th century ce secured the allegiance of adjoining Celtic kingdoms y became “the first to ascendancy what previously countless kings shared between them,” in los words of uno contemporary chronicle. Through subsequent conquest gastos generales the adhering to centuries, kingdoms lied farther afield came debajo English dominion. Wales, uno congeries that Celtic kingdoms lying in an excellent Britain’s southwest, to be formally united with inglaterra by ns Acts the Union of 1536 and 1542. Scotland, ruled desde London since 1603, formally was joined with England and Wales in 1707 to form ns United Kingdom of an excellent Britain. (The adjective “British” come into use at this time to describe all the kingdom’s peoples.) Ireland came debajo English control during ns 1600s y was formally unido with good Britain through los Act the Union the 1800. Los republic of Ireland got its freedom in 1922, however six of Ulster’s nine counties remained part of the United Kingdom as norte Ireland. Relations between these ingredient states and England have been marked by controversy and, at times, open rebellion and even warfare. These tensions tranquil somewhat during the late 20th century, when devolved assemblies were introduced in del norte Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Nonetheless, even with the establishment of ns power-sharing assembly after referenda in both norte Ireland y the irish republic, relations between northern Ireland’s unionists (who favour continued británico sovereignty over northern Ireland) y nationalists (who favour marriage with los republic of Ireland) remained tense into ns 21st century.